Marine Protected Area Governance (MPAG)
Whilst there is currently a range of guidance available on how to manage marine protected areas (MPAs), there is less guidance available that considers MPAs from a governance perspective. This perspective poses a key question – how do we combine top-down, bottom-up and market approaches for reaching and implementing decisions in order to achieve effective and equitable MPAs? It is widely accepted that all three approaches are important, but how might they be combined in different MPA contexts?
To tackle this question a new partnership amongst a group of governance experts, led by Dr Peter JS Jones (Dept of Geography, University College London), and MPA planners and managers has been initiated to analyse MPA case studies and develop guidance on governing MPAs in seas under national jurisdiction. 20 MPA case study from around the world have been brought together in the preliminary phase and subjected to detailed analysis employing a new governance analysis framework, ‘deconstructing’ the complexities of MPA governance (MPAG) employing 33 incentives from five categories. The report below describes the findings of this work. It is intended to provide a foundation for further discussion and learning, employing the governance analysis framework in different contexts, and to provide a preliminary resource for MPA managers to consider how different incentives might be combined to support the governance of their MPA.
- Governing Marine Protected Areas - getting the balance right: Main Report
- Governing MPAs - getting the balance right: Volume 2 (case study reports)
- Special Issue of the journal Marine Policy based on MPAG research findings now published - Governing marine protected areas: towards social-ecological resilience through institutional diversity - includes introductory paper (journal version and open copy), synthesis paper (journal version and open copy) and 15 case study papers - See Outline and Full Contents List: English and Portuguese version
- Forthcoming Book drawing on MPAG findings - Governing Marine Protected Areas: resilience through diversity (Jones PJS, Earthscan/Routledge, due September 2013)
- MPAG findings presented at Wildaid Global MPA Enforcement Conference (26 November, 2012). Peter Jones gave a plenary opening presentation: Governing MPAs - resilience through diversity. The presentation highlighted that governance systems tend to be more resilient to the driving forces that can challenge the fulfillment of conservation objectives where a larger diversity of different incentives are used in combination. It discussed how this is analogous to ecological systems, which tend to be more resilient where a larger diversity of species is present.
- MPA Governance findings drawn on in presentation at UNEP Global Conference on Land Ocean Interactions, Manila, The Philippines on 23-24 January 2012, in a break-out session on Ecosystem-based Coastal Planning and Management. Peter's presentation discussed the characteristics of resilient governance frameworks for effectively implementing ecosystem-based marine spatial planning, stressing the importance of ecological connectivity through institutional connectivity, including proposed further research to assess the institutional connectivity of marine spatial planning case studies.
- Nature news feature 'Ocean Conservation: uncertain sanctuary' discusses some of the findings of this report. The editorial of this issue of Nature discusses this news feature: 'Troubled Waters'
- MPA News feature on MPA Governance report
Next MPAG phase: global meta-analysis
The pilot phase of the marine protected area governance (MPAG) project, funded by UNEP, provided for the development and testing of an analytical framework for deconstructing governance in any given MPA. Funds are now being sought to apply this MPA governance analytical framework to a larger number of MPA case studies around the world, the target being 200 case studies. This qualitative meta-analysis will assess the effectiveness of MPA governance institutions in achieving biodiversity and resource conservation objectives, with the aim of analysing the different combinations of incentives that are effective in particular contexts, providing for the identification of 'good practice' in MPA governance, including the potential for the transferability of good practice to other MPAs. This will provide a vital resource for MPA managers as well as providing for comparisons of MPA effectiveness with the governance approach employed. Please contact Dr Peter JS Jones if you have any sources of or suggestions for such funding.
Page last modified on 22 apr 13 11:53